Dream means "vision during sleep". Some dreams are significant and merit interpretation. Many dreams are the result of events of the day. So a dream which refers to something that has not happened to you in your working hours within the last week or so is likely to have a special meaning, maybe a warning or promise for good or bad.
Astrologically dreams are connected with first house, Karka; for bad dreams is Mercury. Reading of dreams is connected with "Rahu'". This has been stated in Khanda V Slokas 1,5,35 & 52 of Uurakalamrita.
A bad dream is considered a mental disease which has been attributed to Mercury vide Sloka-5 Adhyaya XIV of Phala Deepika.
Dreams are mysterious perceptions realised when the physical body of a person is at rest.When one sleeps, the body functions as usual, so also, the mind functions. When there are no external disturbances, the body, though at rest, does not prevent sensitivity and perceptivity in the subconscious from functioning. So it appears that mind will wander or record something which the person does in his awakening state.
Dreams are seen during daytime and at night. Sometimes these dreams predict some incident or give an indication of some good events. Dreams seen during an illness or when the man is worried are not reliable. Dreams seen during the day are less reliable and their results appear after a long time.
Their Psychology and Significance
A dream has also been defined as a ''Series of pictures and events seen by a sleeping person". It is a hallucinatory experience occurring during sleep. It has a latent (disguised) content different from the manifest (literal) content by which it is remembered. It gives a cross section of the extant state of physical function. It is real so long as it lasts but is in fact unreal inasmuch as it has no factual existence.
Dreams may be classified as under:
5. Absurd, meaningless, fantastic and baseless
8. Dreams about future events
9. Ordinary dreams which are just a continuation of routine life such as reading, writing, talking with friends etc.
10. Dreams before waking.
Dreams serve one of the following purposes:
1. To presage future events.
2. To amuse and regale the dreamer in the interval between waking state and deep sleep.
3. To cause afflictions and misery to the dreamer.
4. To serve as a safety value for suppressed desires, unfulfilled wishes, lurking fears and anxieties.
5. To suggest guidelines for unsolved problems.
6. To disclose unknown secrets.
There are reported cases in which a deceased person appeared in a dream and informed his wife about tbe whereabouts of the money amassed secretly by them during their lifetime. On investigation the disclosures were found correct.
It is the mind which projects the dream and the soul which witnesses it. According to Yajur Veda (34-1,3) the mind wanders far and wide in the waking state as well as in the sleeping state, no act can be accomplished without it and it is the storehouse of memory.
It is stated in Atharva Veda (6-42-2) that Varunani is the mother of Yama, father of dreams. Some scholars have interpreted Varunani as the wife of Varun. This interpretation is incorrect, because if Varunani is the mother of dreams then Varun, being the husband of Varunani, would be their father and not Yama. The words Varun and Yama connote different meanings depending on the context in which they are used in the Vedas.The most opt meaning of Varunani andYama as used in this hymn is darkness of the night and Sun respectively. It is evident that dreams generally occur at night which is termed as their mother. The sense organs function in daylight which emanates from the Sun. The sense organs project the dream experiences gained in daylight to the soul in a jumbled form.
There is authentic source in the Upanishads about the projector of dreams. Their expositions are summed up as under:
1. Verily mind is the yajman in the body. (Prasan U. 4-4)
2. In dreams the smd sees again whatever has been seen before, hears what has been heard before, enjoys once again what has been enjoyed in different places and quarters. It sees what has been seen, and what has not been seen, it hears what has been heard and what has not been heard. It experiences what has been experienced and what has not been experienced. It sees that which exists and that which does not exist. (Prasan U. 4-5)
3. It is the soul which sees,. which hears, which smells, which tastes, which thinks and which is an action. (Prasan U. 4-10)
4. Mind is the Divine eye of the soul and soul sees objects through it. (Chandogya U. 8-12-5)
5. In dreams, the soul sometimes becomes a king, sometimes a fool, sometimes high and sometimes low. (Brihadaranyaka u. 2-1-18)
6. In dreams there are chariots, no horses, no roads, the soul creates them there. There is no happiness, amusement and laughter there; but he creates them.There are no tanks, springs and rivers but he creates them. That is why the soul is known as "doer". (ibid. 4-2-10)
7. After entrusting to the Pranas the protection of its body which is its nest, the soul goes out in dream and roams about wherever it likes. It assumes many forms, high and low, sometimes enjoying the company of a woman or laughing or seeing fearful sights. (Brihadaranayaka U. 3-3-12,13)
The psychologists do not agree about the significance and interpretation of most of the dreams. A comprehensive investigation about the dreams and subsequent events in the life of the dreamer and matters connected with the dreamer is likely to provide a scientific basis for interpreting most of the dreams. (Vedic Light, May 87)
PERIODS OF DREAM RESULTS:
Dreams which are seen during the first part of the night indicate the results within a year. Dreams seen during the second part of night denotes the results within eight months. In the third part of the night a dream seen will give the results within three months. The results are experienced within a month of the dreams seen during the fourth part of the night. Dreams which are seen within one hour of dawn bear the results within ten days. Dreams seen in the morning give the results on the srune day.
"From ancient times people have been interested in finding out the significance of their dreams, and through centuries a vast lore of dream interpretations has accumulated."